The fundamentals of thinking, reading, and writing are closely related. Remembering these rules makes writing easier. Basic grammar mainly deals with the parts of speech and making a good sentence.
Here are 10 rules in English grammar everyone should know:
1. The singular subject gets a singular verb, and the plural subject gets a plural verb. (Except You and I)
Philip and Marc write.
2. Capitalize the first letter of proper nouns. Common nouns begin with a small letter. Capitalize the sentence beginning.
Proper nouns are names of specific persons, places and things.
Common nouns are general names of persons, places and things. (student, city, pen)
3. The article a is used with words that begin in consonants, while an is used with words that begin in vowels (a, e, i, o, u), and those that sound like a, e, i, o, u.
An apple, an egg, an Indian curry, an orange, an unbaked mousse
Exception: an herb (sounds like e)
A melon, a banana
4. A sentence is one complete thought (and/or with a subject and predicate). It consists of one independent clause. One simple sentence that states an idea ends with a period.
Life is an exciting journey.
5. Two independent clauses are joined by the conjunction “and.” A comma is placed before “and.”
Praying is an act of faith, and it is an act of love.
6. Remember the “Fanboys” in using a comma.
A comma is placed before the conjunctions that include for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so.
7. Remember the “Kiss Theory,” (Keep it simple stupid).
8. Use the correct pronoun reference.
Joe is the teacher. He is the teacher.
9. Irregardless is not a valid word. Use regardless, instead.
“In behalf of” means in support of, and on “behalf of” means to represent.
10. Solving who and whom problem:
a. If you are writing a question in which you must use who or whom, rewrite the sentence to form a statement.
b. If you can use he or she, you can use who or whoever. If you can use her or him, you can use whom.
Now, using “who” comes to be accepted.
Various grammar books are on the shelves, articles about grammar online, and free English grammar e-books, among others. Also, don’t miss other writing books, word builders, and W. Strunk and EB White’s “Elements of Style.”
Try to know these rules by heart, and add it to your memory bank. Happy learning!
rosalinda flores martinez